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Jill Ashby at home with the journals.

Journal

On Monday 7th May 1928, while a 24 year old medical student at Barts Hospital in London, Ross started writing a journal. In it he recorded his thoughts, theorems, and goals that would eventually bring him recognition as a pioneer in the fields of Cybernetics and Systems Theory. 44 years later, his journal had 7,400 pages, in 25 volumes.

In 1972, shortly after Ross died, Stafford Beer wrote in his condolence letter to Ross's wife, Rosebud, "Look after Ross's papers. I have no idea what should be done with them, but they are very precious." — For the next 30 years, only members of his family had access to his journals.

Eventually, scans were made of all original archive material, and in January 2003, Ross's daughters gave the whole archive to The British Library, in London. Then, in March 2004, at the end of the W. Ross Ashby Centenary Conference, his daughters announced that they would make Ross's Journal available on the Internet. Since 2008, the digitally restored images of all 7,400 pages and 1,600 index cards are available on this web site in various views, with extensive cross-linking that is based on the keywords in Ross's original alphabetical index.

The user interface has been made as intuitive as possible, with links and pop-up information attached to everything that stood still long enough, which means that anyone with a short attention-span doesn't need to read any further than the following list.

To browse Ross's Journal, you can perform any of the following:

  1. Select a volume from the Bookshelf.
  2. View the 14½ subject categories in the Other Index.
  3. Browse through the 678 keywords in the alphabetical Index.
  4. Enter a page number between 1 and 7189 here: then press Enter.
  5. If you are looking for journal entries around a particular date use the Timeline.
  6. You could read the 2,300 transcribed journal entry Summaries.
  7. Throw caution to the wind, and jump to a Random page.

The rest of this page describes the different views, what they are good for, and how to use them.


Multiple Views

Because Ross wrote his Journal sequentially in notebooks, numbered the pages, and indexed the contents, it has been possible to write XSL programs that generate different logical views of the information in the Journal and Index. There are ten different views. They are summarized in the following table:

Orientation View                     Description
Volumes Bookshelf Shows the spines of all 25 volumes. This is the only view that was created manually.
Volume Contains thumbnail images of all pages in each volume.
Keywords Index Page The alphabetical index page contains the Cloud view and the Index view.
Cloud A compact list of all 678 primary keywords, which link to the index entries.
Index Contains all 678 primary index entries, with all secondary terms and links to all related pages, references, and other keyword-oriented views.
Cards Contains images of the index cards for each keyword, together with the corresponding digital transcription and links.
Thumbs Contains thumbnail images of all journal pages that are indexed for each particular keyword. The thumbnails are sorted chronologically and are grouped by year.
Categories Other Index The other index contains 830 cards, in 14½ different categories.
Pages Journal Contains the images of Ross's journal pages, generally two pages per scan.
Entries Summaries Contains the text of over 2,300 summaries that Ross wrote at the end of his journal entries.
Time Timeline Chronologically lists all dated journal pages with the places where Ross was at the time.

Together, these densely interlinked views make it easy to browse purposefully through Ross's Journal and Index.


Bookshelf View

This view shows the spines of all 25 volumes.


Volume View

This view contains thumbnail images of all pages in a volume. Index keywords are listed above any pages that Ross indexed. This view makes it easy to review all of Ross's index entries chronologically and to find pages that contain diagrams and newspaper cuttings.


Index Page

Ross's 860-card alphabetical index has been turned into a single 1 MB HTML page that contains over 10,000 links to the images of the journal pages, index cards, and to other related views. Because it is all on one page, you can search through the entire index (all primary and secondary index terms) in your browser by pressing Control-F.

This page contains two views: A keyword cloud and the alphabetically sorted index entries. To illustrate the different views, the following sample screenshots focus on the keyword Entropy, but these views are also available for the other 677 keywords.

Keyword Cloud View

At the top of the index page, the Keyword Cloud contains all 678 keywords.

Keyword Index View

Every keyword has an entry in the index that contains the complete transcription of the index cards.

This is the core of the index. From here, you have direct access to all related journal pages, references, and other views.

Keep in mind that Ross did not index the contents of every page, so there are inevitably many journal entries that can only be found by luck or by systematically reading every page in a time period of interest.


Keyword Card View

In this view, images of the original index cards for a particular keyword are displayed with the transcription under them, on which the digital index and all keyword links are based.

This view is useful for checking index text that has been transcribed in [square brackets] because either we couldn't read it properly, or we couldn't type it accurately, or both. If you notice an error in the transcription of an index card, please click the 'Send Index Error Feedback' link for that card to email us, so that we can correct it.


Keyword Thumbs View

This view contains thumbnail images of all the pages that were indexed for a particular keyword. It is ideal for investigating Ross's work one keyword at-a-time. The images are sorted chronologically, and are grouped by year. It reveals how themes weave through the Journal across time. You can use this view to see when Ross first started working on a particular topic, and to identify the years in which he was more or less actively working on it.

More importantly, because the thumbs view shows which other keywords are associated with each page (and any summaries), they provide a semantic cluster, which provides a much better idea of what the written page content is about compared to using just the secondary keywords that are listed for the keyword-of-interest's main Index entry.


Other Index View

This 830-card index is divided into different subject categories. Click on a category to view all the entries in the category. The contents of this index shows that Ross wanted to write a book about the psychiatric applications of Cybernetcs.

The entries generally consist of one sentence and a page reference. All page references link to the appropriate page images, and the entry's text is included above the referenced pages. For entries that reference more than one page, the links included above the pages mean that these related pages are just one click away from each other.


Journal View

This view contains the images of Ross's Journal pages.

After the image of the journal page has finished loading, it is resized to fit the width of your browser's window.


Sumaries View

Ross started to mark the end of each journal entry with a visual doodle, which makes it easy to see where entries begin and end.

In July 1941, he decided to write a summary at the end of each journal entry.

This view contains over 2,300 summaries that Ross wrote at the end of his journal entries. The summary text also appears above the appropriate thumbnails and journal pages. This view offers the most condensed summary of Ross's work. If you are interested in particular keywords, it is worth pressing Control-F to search the summaries for entries that might not be covered by the alphabetical index.


Timeline View

This view lists all dated journal pages. It is useful if you want to find pages that were written on or around a particular date. If known, the place is also listed where Ross was when he wrote the page, which makes this the best view for seeing where Ross was and when.

If you've read all the way down to here without giving up, you'll probably want to finally take a look at either the alphabetical Index or the Other Index.


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JavaScript has been used to implement certain functions on this Web site. Unless you enable JavaScript, the following things will not work for you: feedback links, random page links, the jump-to-any-page and jump-to-any-volume boxes. Everything else should work just fine.


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